The Equity Focus Areas Analysis
Historically, equity has not been part of planning in America. Change is long overdue. Encouragingly, a positive shift toward equity in the planning profession is happening in Montgomery County, across the DC region, and nationally. Montgomery Planning embraces this shift as part of our responsibility to develop plans, policies, and regulations that benefit all community members and reduce or eliminate inequity. Our goal is to apply a holistic equity lens to planning practices to address existing inequities and prevent the creation of new inequities. In support of this work and the Equity Agenda for Planning, Montgomery Planning developed the Equity Focus Areas Analysis tool.
Identifying communities that may not have equitable access to resources or opportunities helps direct planning efforts to better understand existing conditions and the area’s history. It also supports finding effective ways to engage the community. This will facilitate bringing racial equity and social justice considerations into the master planning process so that Montgomery Planning can produce master plans that will foster more equitable outcomes for communities in Montgomery County.
About 26% of county’s population live in Equity Focus Areas
Montgomery Planning staff identified approximately 275,875 people or 26.5% of the county population as living in Equity Focus Areas. These areas are primarily found along the I-270 Corridor, the Route 29 Corridor, and the eastern portion of Down County.
According to an initial analysis, the population in Equity Focus Areas, compared to the county overall, is younger, has a lower educational attainment level, and is more likely to be Hispanic. The annual income of one-third of the households in these areas is under $50,000, and these residents are more likely to pay 35% or more of their income on housing costs. Households in Equity Focus Areas are also less likely to be in owner-occupied housing, and the median housing value is two-thirds of the value countywide.
Analysis methodology tailored to Montgomery County
Unlike other regional and national racial equity analysis, the Equity Focus Areas Analysis used a methodology tailored to Montgomery County.
The analysis examined three specific variables – household income, race and ethnicity, and the ability to speak English– to identify areas of the county that may experience the highest inequities in access to transportation, job opportunities and other resources supporting a high quality of life. Montgomery Planning applied a modified indexing approach to combine and analyze these variables, using the latest datasets available from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the American Communities Survey at the U.S. Census Tract scale. Using this data, Montgomery Planning identified areas in the county with high concentrations of lower-income people of color who may also speak English less than well.
Implementation of analysis findings and next steps
The primary goal of the Equity Focus Areas Analysis is to create a tool that will help guide numerous planning projects and processes of Montgomery Planning and Montgomery Parks, both part of the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission. Some of these efforts include the update to the county’s General Plan, known as Thrive Montgomery 2050 , Montgomery Planning’s Equity in Master Planning Framework, and Montgomery Parks’ Capital Improvement Program prioritization.
The Equity Focus Areas Analysis also serves as a springboard to the development of the Equity Opportunity Index, which Montgomery Planning will develop later in 2021. The Equity Opportunity Index will help determine how to further infuse racial equity and social justice into the master planning process and develop additional planning methods to facilitate creating master plans that advance racial equity in Montgomery County. The index will examine factors contributing to an equitable county such as socio-economic conditions, access to transportation, and social determinants for healthy communities. Montgomery Planning also will establish methods for benchmarking equity and measuring outcomes in local and countywide plans and policies through the Equity Opportunity Index.
Montgomery Planning will share this data with other county agencies to create a countywide standard for racial equity and social justice analysis of programs, policies, resource allocation, and finance, which will support Montgomery County’s implementation of its 2019 Racial Equity and Social Justice law.