By Archie Chen and Carrie McCarthy
Montgomery County, MD, is known for the diversity of its population, with places like Silver Spring, Gaithersburg, and Germantown regularly showing up on lists of the most diverse cities in the United States. The county is ranked 23rd in the percentage of people of color and 9th in the percentage of foreign-born population of the 49 counties in the United States with populations exceeding 1 million.
Montgomery Planning completed an Esri ArcGIS storymap on racial and ethnic changes in the county since 1990 using the race and Hispanic origin classifications defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. The first series of maps looks at changes for individual races and Hispanic ethnicity. The second series of maps provides more details on changes in racial predominance in individual Census tracts. The goal of this storymap is to provide a resource to help planners and the public understand the evolution of racial changes in the county at Census tract geographies.
Some key findings:
- The percentage of residents who are people of color increased from 28% in 1990 to 59% in 2020.
- The Hispanic population increased the largest amount of any racial or ethnic group between 1990 and 2020, nearly tripling from 7.4% of the population to 20.5%.
- The 2020 maps show the following notable concentrations of different racial and ethnic groups:
- Census tracts in the Fairland and Briggs Chaney Master Plan Boundary and along Route 29 have the largest concentration of non-Hispanic Black residents.
- Census tracts around North Potomac have the largest concentration of non-Hispanic Asian residents.
- Census tracts around the Wheaton-Glenmont area have the largest concentration of Hispanic residents.
- Census tracts around Chevy Chase have the largest concentration of non-Hispanic White residents.
- The following shifts occurred between 1990 and 2020:
- The number of tracts with no majority racial/ethnic group (shaded as yellow in the second series of maps) increased from 15 to 119.
- The percentage of tracts with no majority group increased from 9% to over half of all tracts (51%).
Archie Chen is a research associate with the Montgomery County Planning Department at M-NCPPC through their partnership with the National Center for Smart Growth. She graduated with a master’s in urban planning from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Before joining the M-NCPPC, she worked closely with the Central Illinois Land Bank Authority and the University of Illinois on research and programs relating to housing revitalization and community development.