The Vision Zero concept was created in Sweden in 1997 and is widely credited with significant reductions in fatal and severe collisions on Swedenâ€™s roads. Vision Zero policies generally share six common principles:
- Transportationâ€“related deaths and severe injuries are preventable and unacceptable.
- Human life takes priority over mobility and other objectives of the road system.
- Human error is inevitable. The transportation system should be designed to anticipate error so the consequences are not severe injury or death.
- People are inherently vulnerable, and speed is a fundamental predictor of crash survival. The transportation system should be designed for speeds that protect human life.
- Safe human behaviors, education and enforcement are essential contributors to a safe system.
- Policies at all levels of government need to align, making safety the highest priority for roadways.
The Montgomery County Council passed a resolution adopting Vision Zero in 2016 and committed to eliminate traffic fatalities and severe injuries by 2030. To achieve this goal, Montgomery County developed a Vision Zero Two-Year Action Plan with specific activities and deadlines to advance the County toward Vision Zero. Upon completion of the two-year action plan, the County will put forth a ten-year action plan to achieve Vision Zero by 2030.